What is most likely to make someone fall overboard?
Common causes of falls overboard and boat capsizing include: being caught off guard by a wave or sharp turn when moving around in the boat, carrying too much weight in the boat or unevenly distributing weight in the boat; and bad weather conditions.
What should you do to reduce the risk of falling overboard?
Reducing the Risk of Capsizing, Swamping, or Falling Overboard
- Ask everyone in the paddlecraft to wear a life jacket at all times.
- Don’t overload your paddlecraft.
- Balance the weight of all passengers and gear.
- In a boat, keep your body centered with your center of gravity low.
- Don’t allow people to stand up or move around while underway.
What is the first thing you should do if someone falls overboard?
If a Passenger Falls Overboard
- Reduce speed and toss the victim a lifejacket or PFD, unless you know he or she is already wearing a lifejacket or PFD.
- Turn your pleasure craft around and slowly pull alongside the victim, approaching the victim from downwind or into the current, whichever is stronger.
- Stop the engine.
What should you do to prevent falling overboard from a small boat?
Preventing Capsizing, Swamping, or Falling Overboard
- Make sure that you and your passengers are wearing PFDs while the boat is underway.
- Attach the engine cut-off switch lanyard to your wrist, clothes, or PFD.
- Don’t allow anyone to sit on the gunwale, bow, seat backs, motor cover, or any other area not designed for seating.
- Don’t overload your boat.
Who is responsible for avoiding a collision between two boats?
The answer to the question is (a) the operator of both boats. Every person skippering a boat is responsible for avoiding any collisions. Navigational rules state that boat operators should consider all dangers and collision risks, and that could mean breaking the navigational rules if evasive action is required.
When towing someone with a PWC One of the requirements is?
If towing a person on skis or other device with a PWC, the PWC must be rated to carry at least three people—the operator, the observer, and the retrieved skier. You may not exceed the specified number of passengers identified by the PWC manufacturer as the maximum safe load for the vessel.
Which is the safest area for towing a skier?
While Towing a Skier
- Keep the skier at a safe distance—at least twice the length of the tow rope—from the shoreline, docks, hazards, and people in the water.
- Avoid congested areas, beaches, docks, and swimming areas.
- Maintain a sharp lookout for other vessels and obstructions in the water.
- Always respond to the skier’s signals.
What is the primary danger during the first 3 5?
Stage 1: Initial “cold shock” occurs in the first 3-5 minutes of immersion in cold water. Sudden immersion into cold water can cause immediate, involuntary gasping; hyperventilation; panic; and vertigo—all of which can result in water inhalation and drowning.
How do I stop capsizing?
Here’s what you can do to reduce your risk of capsizing or swamping when out on the water:
- Don’t overload your vessel.
- Balance the load of all passengers and gear.
- Turn vessel at controlled speeds.
- If anchoring, secure the anchor line to the bow of the vessel, never to the stern.
What is the correct order to rescue a person from the water?
As for the rescue itself, here’s where a good catchphrase comes in handy: “Reach, Throw, Row, and Go.” This lists the order in which you should try to bring the person in the water to safety. First, swing the stern and propeller away from the person in the water.
What do you do if you fall off a boat?
If you are not alone and a passenger falls off your boat, shout man overboard, shut down the engine and keep your eyes on the victim. Approach from upwind, keeping your motor safely away from the person. Toss a floatation device that is attached to a lifeline to pull him back toward the boat.
What to do if someone falls off a boat?
What to Do If Someone Falls off Your Boat
- Yell “Man Overboard”
- Stop the Boat.
- Hit the MOB Button.
- Throw a Flotation Device.
- Assign Crew Roles.
- Navigate Back to the MOB.
- Retrieve the Man Overboard.
- Contact Emergency Services.
What should you do immediately if a boat catches fire?
If fire erupts on your boat:
- Stop the boat if you are underway.
- Position the boat so that the fire is downwind.
- If the fire is in an engine space, shut off the fuel supply.
- Aim the fire extinguisher at the base of the flames, and sweep back and forth.
- Never use water on a gasoline, oil, grease, or electrical fire.
What should you do until help arrives if you fall overboard while not wearing a PFD?
If You Capsize, Swamp, or Fall Overboard
- If you made the mistake of not wearing a lifejacket or PFD, find one and put it on. If you can‘t put it on, hold onto it.
- Take a head count.
- If your pleasure craft remains afloat, try to reboard or climb onto it in order to get as much of your body out of the cold water as possible.
What is the cause of most fatal boating accidents?
Many of the fatal accidents were caused by the operator of the boat. Chief among those was alcohol use. That was followed by operator inattention and lack of experience, excessive speed, improper lookout and drug use. Where the environment played a role, hazardous waters were by far the most common cause.