What causes cholera and how can it be prevented?
It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae. Cholera was prevalent in the U.S. in the 1800s, before modern water and sewage treatment systems eliminated its spread by contaminated water.
How can we prevent cholera Class 8?
Cholera could be prevented by: Drink water which is boiled. Avoid consumption of raw foods. Avoid dairy products as much as possible. Wash fruits and vegetables before you eat. Washing your hands before you eat is a good way to keep the disease away.
What is the control of cholera?
Rehydration by oral rehydration salts and, if required, intravenous fluids and electrolytes, is the cornerstone of cholera treatment. In addition, antibiotics may be needed for severe cases. Commonly used antibiotics include tetracycline, doxycycline, furazolidone, erythromycin, or ciprofloxacin .
How can cholera be prevented PDF?
Use latrines or other sanitation systems, like chemical toilets, to dispose of feces. Wash hands with soap and safe water after defecating. Clean latrines and surfaces contaminated with feces using a solution of 1 part household bleach to 9 parts water.
What is the main cause of cholera?
Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. People can get sick when they swallow food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening.
What is the best treatment for cholera?
Oral or intravenous hydration is the primary treatment for cholera. In conjunction with hydration, treatment with antibiotics is recommended for severely ill patients. It is also recommended for patients who have severe or some dehydration and continue to pass a large volume of stool during rehydration treatment.
How was cholera cured?
Most people with cholera can be helped by oral rehydration alone, but severely dehydrated people might also need intravenous fluids. Antibiotics. While not a necessary part of cholera treatment, some antibiotics can reduce cholera -related diarrhea and shorten how long it lasts in severely ill people.
Where is cholera most common?
Cholera is mostly found in the tropics — in particular Asia, Africa, Latin America, India, and the Middle East. It’s rare in the United States, but people can still get it.
What antibiotics treat cholera?
Several antibiotics are effective in the treatment of cholera, including doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin, assuming that the cholera strain is sensitive.
How long is cholera vaccine good for?
With the oral vaccine, two or three doses are typically recommended. The duration of protection is two years in adults and six months in children aged 2–5 years. A single dose vaccine is available for those traveling to an area where cholera is common.
Can cholera be treated at home?
Rehydration Therapy 1 These therapies can often be done at home, though in severe cases, rehydration might need to take place with the assistance of a medical team. The vast majority of individuals with cholera can treat symptoms of dehydration on their own—often with ingredients they already have on-hand.
Is there any vaccine for cholera?
The FDA recently approved a single-dose live oral cholera vaccine called Vaxchora® (lyophilized CVD 103-HgR) in the United States. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted to approve the vaccine for adults 18 – 64 years old who are traveling to an area of active cholera transmission.
How is cholera removed from water?
But if you’re getting your water from a lake or a river, there’s no chlorine in that surface water source. And there is a way, though, to chlorinate it in the home, to add a few drops of bleach or a tablet form of chlorine and to eliminate the Vibrio cholerae bacteria from water by chemical disinfection.
What are some interesting facts about cholera?
Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated. Cholera is an acute infection of the gut, caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae O1 or O139, which can lead to rapid dehydration if left untreated.
What are the effect of cholera?
Cholera infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can be severe. Approximately 1 in 10 people who get sick with cholera will develop severe symptoms such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock.