What can cause meningitis?
Several different viruses and bacteria can cause meningitis, including: meningococcal bacteria – there are several different types, called A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z. pneumococcal bacteria. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria. enteroviruses – viruses that usually only cause a mild stomach infection. the mumps virus.
What are the chances of contracting meningitis?
The risk of getting the disease is very low. Although meningococcal disease is infectious and can cause outbreaks, 97 out of every 100 cases are isolated, with no link to any other cases.
How do you contract viral meningitis?
You can get viral meningitis by breathing in viral particles that have been sneezed or coughed into the air by another infected person. You can also become infected by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus, or through contact with faeces (for example, by changing nappies).
Can a person survive meningitis?
Viral meningitis is rarely life-threatening, but can leave you with lifelong after-effects. All causes of meningitis are serious and need medical attention. Meningitis can affect anyone, of any age, at any time, however there are ‘at risk’ groups.
How long can you have meningitis without knowing?
Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.
How do adults get meningitis?
Bacteria that enter the bloodstream and travel to the brain and spinal cord cause acute bacterial meningitis. But it can also occur when bacteria directly invade the meninges. This may be caused by an ear or sinus infection, a skull fracture, or — rarely — some surgeries.
What age group is most likely to get meningitis?
Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.
Would you know if you had meningitis?
Symptoms Checker. Meningitis and septicaemia can kill in hours – know the symptoms. The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion.
What should you do if you come in contact with someone with meningitis?
Get antibiotics. If someone with a meningitis infection has Neisseria meningitides (also called meningococcal meningitis ), it’s standard procedure for anyone who has been in close contact with the person to receive antibiotics, Johnson says.
Can viral meningitis damage brain?
Common symptoms in children and adults Initial symptoms of viral meningitis are similar to those for bacterial meningitis. However, bacterial meningitis is usually severe and can cause serious complications, such as brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disabilities.
How long is a person with viral meningitis contagious?
When the patient stops secreting or producing infectious agents is when meningitis is no longer contagious. Viral caused meningitis may be contagious from three days after infection starts to about 10 days after the symptoms develop.
How stiff is neck with meningitis?
A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.
Can a 60 year old get meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis remains a highly lethal disease in older adults, with mortality rates averaging >20% despite modern antibiotic therapy. In this population, more variable presentations are seen, with fewer patients manifesting fever, neck stiffness, and headache than among younger adults.
What does meningitis look like in adults?
In babies and adults, a meningitis rash may look like the following: tiny red, pink, brown, or purple pinprick marks (petechiae) on the skin. purple bruise- like marks. blotchy-appearing areas of skin.
What are the symptoms of meningitis in adults?
Symptoms of meningitis a high temperature ( fever ) of 38C or above. being sick. a headache. a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but a rash will not always develop) a stiff neck. a dislike of bright lights. drowsiness or unresponsiveness. seizures (fits)