What are the four legal reasons for impeachment?
Article II, section 4 of the U.S. Constitution defines the grounds for impeachment and conviction as ”treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
What is an impeachable offense?
Alexander Hamilton, in explaining the Constitution’s impeachment provisions, described impeachable offenses as arising from the misconduct of public men, or in other words from the abuse or violation of some public trust. 46. The Federalist No. 65 (Alexander Hamilton) (Clinton Rossiter ed., 1961).
Can a US president be removed from office?
1.1 Impeachment and Removal from Office: Overview. Article II, Section 4: The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
Is impeachment a legal process?
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body or other legally constituted tribunal initiates charges against a public official for misconduct. Impeachment may be understood as a unique process involving both political and legal elements.
What are the 4 impeachable offenses?
The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
Is Sedition a high crime?
Sedition is a serious felony punishable by fines and up to 20 years in prison and it refers to the act of inciting revolt or violence against a lawful authority with the goal of destroying or overthrowing it. The following provides an overview of this particular crime against the government, with historical references.
Can the president be charged with treason?
Text of Legal Provision. The President of the Republic is not liable for his acts undertaken in the exercise of his functions except in the case of high treason. He cannot be charged except by a vote of the absolute majority of the two Assemblies and tried by the Supreme Court of Justice.
WHO removes the president from office?
In the federal government, Congress has the authority to impeach and remove “the President, Vice President, and all civil officers of the United States”. “Civil officers of the United States” are defined in Art. II, §2, cl. 2 of the Constitution.
Who becomes vice president if the president is unfit?
The Twenty-fifth Amendment (Amendment XXV) to the United States Constitution says that if the President becomes unable to do his job, the Vice President becomes the President (Section 1) or Acting President (Sections 3 or 4).
Can presidents serve 3 terms?
Text. Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.
What is the purpose of impeachment according to the article?
It is the first step in a remedial process–that of removal from public office and possible disqualification from holding further office. The purpose of impeachment is not punishment; rather, its function is primarily to maintain constitutional government.
How can a member of the House of Representatives be removed from office?
The United States Constitution (Article 1, Section 5) gives the House of Representatives the power to expel any member by a two-thirds vote. Censure and reprimand are procedures in which the House may vote to express formal disapproval of a member’s conduct. Only a simple majority vote is required.
Was Clinton impeached?
Although proceedings were delayed due to the bombing of Iraq, on the passage of H. Res. 611, Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives on December 19, 1998, on grounds of perjury to a grand jury (first article, 228–206) and obstruction of justice (third article, 221–212).